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History of Ganzhou

Ganzhou has a long history that people lived four to five thousand years ago, which is called Ą°civilized before TangĄ±. During the Spring Autumn Era and the Period of Warring States, it belonged to Chu, Wu, Yue in the sequence, in the end to Chu. After ChĄŻin united the six countries, Gannan belongs to Jiujiang County in the 36 counties in the twenty-sixth year of Qin Shi Huangdi(221 B.C.). In 214 B.C., ChĄŻin started a war of 500,000 in Wuling, one of them is where the government of Gannan is.

In the first year of Han Gaozu, the south of it belonged to Chu. After three years, it was renamed Huainan Country. ItĄŻs 202 B.C. when Gannan began to belong to Han. In the sixth year, it was named Yuzhang County and had eighteen counties, three of which belonged to Gannan, they were Nanmao County, Gan County and Yudu County which the latter two were new set. In the end of West Han, Yuzhang was renamed Jiujiang while in 25 A.D. the name returned and Nanmao was renamed Nanye. In 194 A.D., it was named Luling County.

In 236 A.D., Luling County, which was belonged to Yanzhou, governed Yudu. It led Yudu, Gan county, Pingyang, Yangdu, Jieyang, NanĄŻan, Nanye and Gannan became the administrative institution then.

In the first year of Taikang, Jin Dynasty, NanĄŻan was renamed Nankang, Yangdu was renamed Ningdu. Two years later, Luling changed to Nankang and governed Yudu. In 284 A.D., Jieyang was renamed Poyang. In 289 A.D., Gan County was governed by Gelao City. In the first year of Yuankang, Nankang was changed to be governed by Jiangzhou. In the fifth year of Yonghe, Yudu moved the capital to Gan County.

In 550, Dayu, which was part of Nankang, belonged to Shixing County of Guangdong. In 581, it belonged to Anyuan County of Guangdong.

In the ninth year of Kaihuang, Sui Dynasty, Nankang was named Qianzhou and governed Hongzhou. Pinggu belonged to Gan County, Nanye belonged to Nankang, Qianhua belonged to NIngdu. In 593, Poyang belonged to Ningdu and Qianzhou governed the four counties which were Gan County, Yudu, Nankang and Ningdu.

In the first year of Kaihuang, Tang Dynasty, the country was divided into ten provinces. Qianzhou belonged to Jiangnan Province as before. In 682, Qianzhou governed five counties. In 705, it governed one more county. In 742, NanĄŻan was renamed Xinfeng and the part of Baizhangquan was named Qiannan Town. In 788, Qianzhou governed seven counties. In 904, Xianghu Town was apart from Yudu and named Ruijin. In 909, Qianzhou belonged to Liang. In 910, Qian and Shao set the victory county. In 937, the county was named Zhaoxin County which governed Qianzhou. In 911, Shaoyou was apart from Nankang. In 952, Shangyou field was organized to Shangyou county and after one year, Qiannan field turned to Longnan county, Shicheng field to Shicheng county. After the change, Qianzhou governed the following eleven counties, Gan county, Yudu, Xinfeng, Nankang, Dayu, Qianhua, Anyuan, Shangyou, Ruijin, Longnan and Shicheng.

In 975, Zhaoxin County changed into Junzhou. In the next year, it changed into Qianzhou and belonged to Jiangnanxilu. In 982, Lianjiang Town and other six towns, Lulingtai and some other places were built into Xingguo. Six villages in Yudu rebuilt into Huichang. Qianzhou governed thirteen counties. In 990, Nankang, Dayu and Shangyou formed NanĄŻan county and governed Dayu. Qianzhou governed ten counties and belonged to Jiangnanxilu. In 1121, Longnan was renamed Qiannan. In 1153, Dong Deyuan named Qianzhou Ą°the head of TigerĄ± for the reason of the figure of Qian and present to the court to renamed it to Ganzhou. In the meantime, Qianhua was renamed Ningdu, Qiannan was renamed Longnan.

In 1276, Jiangnanxilu was renamed Jiangxi Province which was divided into Ganzhou and NanĄŻan. In 1277, Ganzhou turned into government office and NanĄŻan county turned into NanĄŻan government office.

In 1365, Ganzhou and NanĄŻan changed into government office. In 1385, Jiangxi was divided into five parts, with Ganzhou and NanĄŻan belonged to Lingbei. In 1477, the two government office belonged to Fenxunlingbei. In 1494, the Nangan government office was named Qianyuan. In 1516, Nanganjianshao governed NanĄŻan and Ganzhou, Shaozhou and Nanxiong of Guangdong, Binzhou of Hunan, Tingzhou of Fujian. In 1517, some parts of Shangyou, Nankang and Dayu were formed Chongyi. By then, NanĄŻan governed four counties, Dayu, Nankang, Shangyou and Chongyi. In 1557, there are four more parts which were Lingbei, Lingdong, Lingxi and Zhangnan. In 1569, some parts of Anyuan, Xinfeng and Longnan formed Dingnan and governed by Ganzhou. In 1576, Xunwu and other fourteen forts formed Changning county and belonged to Ganzhou. Then, Ganzhou governed twelve counties and NanĄŻan governed four counties.

From 1653 to 1669, Nangan and the two parts were released. In 1671, Gannan governed Ganzhou government office and NanĄŻan government office. In 1731, Gannan was renamed Jinangan and governed JiĄŻan government office additionally. In 1754, Ningdu county changed into the directly governed city and governed Ruijin and Shicheng. Gannan was divided into Ganzhou, NanĄŻan and Ningdu. In the same year, Jinangan changed into Nangan Ningbingbei and governed Ningdu.

In 1912, counties directly belonged to province. In 1914, Jiangxi was divided into Xunyang, Yuzhang, Luling and Gannan. Gannan governed seventeen counties which were Gan county, Yudu, Xinfeng, Xingguo, Huichang, Anyuan, Changning, Longnan, Quannan, Dingnan, Ningdu, Ruijin, Shicheng, Nankang, Dayu, Shangyou and Chongyi. The three districts were reunited into one. In 1926, Gannan Dao was released and counties directly belonged to province. In 1932, there were thirteen districts in the province. The counties in Gannan belonged to ninth, eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth districts. Ganzhou was set of the eleventh district and governed Gan county, Nankang, Xinfeng, Shangyou, Chongyi and Dayu. Ningdu was set of the twelfth district and governed Ningdu, Guangchang, Shicheng, Ruijin, Yudu and Huichang. Longnan was set the thirteenth district and governed Longnan, Dingnan, Quannan, Anyuan and Xunwu. In 1933, the eleventh and twelfth districts were united into one and named Gannan Government Affair Commissioner Department which is in Dayu and replaced into Ganzhou. In 1935, the province was divided into eight districts and the counties in Gannan belonged to the fourth and eighth districts. Ganzhou was set the fourth district and governed Gan County, Nankang, Xinfeng, Dayu, Shangyou, Chongyi, Longnan, Dingnan, Quannan, Anyuan and Xunwu. Ningdu was set the eighth district and governed Ningdu, Guangchang, Shicheng, Ruijin, Huichang, Yudu and Xingguo.

From 1928 to 1934, Soviet governments were founded and belonged to Jiangxi, Xianggan, Yuegan, Gannan Soviet governments.

In July, 1949, Ganzhou Administration Commissioner Department was founded and governed eighteen counties, those were Ganzhou, Gan county, Nankang, Dayu, Shangyou, Chongyi, Xinfeng, Longnan, Dingnan, Quannan, Anyuan, Ningdu, Yudu, Xingguo, Ruijin, Huichang, Shicheng and Xunwu. In Sep, 1949, Ningdu(Ruijin) Administration Commissioner Department was founded and governed Ningdu, Yudu, Xingguo, Ruijin, Huichang, Shicheng, Xunwu and Guangchang. There are two districts in Gannan. In Aug, 1949, Southwest Ganzhou Administration Commissioner Department was founded. In Aug, 1952, Gannan was reunited again and governed eighteen counties. In May, 1954, Gannan Administration Department was founded, and governed nineteen counties with the addition of Guangchang. In May, 1964, Ganzhou Direct District was founded. In Jan, 1971, it was renamed Ganzhou District. In Aug, 1978, Ganzhou District Administration Department was founded. In Oct, 1983, Guangchang belonged to Fuzhou. In July, 1999, Ganzhou District changed into Ganzhou city and governed eighteen counties.

In 2005, Ganzhou governed one district, two cities, fifteen counties, 138 towns, 145 villages, eight street offices. Ant it also has five management districts and ten forestry centers.