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Introduction of Ganzhou City

Ganzhou is located by the upriver Gan River and in the south of Jiangxi Province, which is called Gannan for short. The city is adjacent to Sanming and Longyan of Fujian Province to the east, Meizhou, Heyuan and Shaoguan of Guangdong to the south, Chenzhou of Hunan to the west, Ji¡¯an and Fuzhou to the north. Ganzhou lies in the transitional region of the southeast coastal area extending to the inland and one of the important access the other way round.

Ganzhou is the largest district of Jiangxi Province and includes one district and fifteen counties which covers 39,400 square kilometers, Zhanggong District  and economy technology developed region 4,028 square kilometers, cultivated region 292,900 hectares, forest region 2,713,000 hectares, percentage of forest 74.2%. Among the population of 8,456,900, the district holds 569,100, nonagricultural population 361,900. Natural growth rate of population is 8.11¡ë which descends 0.06¡ë.

Ganzhou stands at 113©b54¡¯ to 116©b38¡¯ east longitude and 24©b29¡¯¡ª¡ª27©b09¡¯ north latitude, which is at the south of middle subtropical zone. The climate is typical subtropical with humid season wind. The natural resource of agriculture is plentiful and thought good to plant oranges and pomeloes by the review team of southern mountain area of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Ganzhou is the big agriculture area and economic crops planted area which is built to be the province key forest area and the product home of sugar, tobacco and oranges. The county of Xinfeng is named ¡°the Home of Oranges¡±, Nankang ¡°the Home of Pomeloes¡±, Anyuan ¡°the Home of Jiulong Honey Pomeloes¡±, Xunwu ¡°the Home of Honey Orange¡±, Dayu ¡°the Home of Daphne¡±, Shicheng ¡°the Home of White Lotus¡±, Chongyi ¡°the Home of Bamboo¡±, Ganxian ¡°the Home of Salted Duck¡±, Huichang ¡°the Home of Rabbit Meat¡±.

The mineral resource is mainly of non-ferrous and rare metals which are famous named ¡°the Tungsten City of the World¡±, ¡°the rare metals are not rare¡±. The reserves of tungsten ranks first in the world and that of rare earth ranks second in the country. Of the ¡°Five Golden Flowers¡±, tungsten, copper, uranium, rare earth, tantalum and columbium, the four of them is mainly in Gannan except copper. Ganzhou have become one of the key metals home since the foundation of the country.

The famous natural sights in the city are Sanbai Hill in Anyuan, Jiulian Hill in Longnan, the ancient road called Meiguan in Dayu. Sanbai Hill is the source of Dong River which is leading to Hong Kong. Now it becomes the National Forest Park and the travel sight when they visit from Hong Kong. Jiulian Hill is the most integrated area of natural ecosystem of subtropical zone which keeps a great amount of living fossils of wild animals and plants. The hill is the key natural protected region of Jiangxi Province. The ancient road of Meiguan, built in Ch¡¯in and Tang Dynasty, is the key joint between north and south in the ancient. Besides the upper sights, Cuiwei Hill in Ningdu, Wudang Hill in Longnan, Doushui Lake in Shangyou, Niedu Solution Cavity in Chongyi are valuable tour resources which hold beautiful sceneries.

The government is located in Zhanggong District which is a famous historic city. It has many views including circumvallation of Song Dynasty, Bajing Tower, Xugu tower, Wen Temple, Tongtian Cliff, etc. There are 17 national cultural relic protected places and 48 province cultural relic protected places which keep a lot of historic sites.

Ganzhou is one of the famous revolution places. It is the central revolution base area and the temporary government of Republic of Chinese Soviet in the second civil revolution war. Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Zhou Enlai, Ye Jianying, Deng Xiaoping, Chen Yi have worked on the revolution activities in Ganzhou. The famous Long March started in Ganzhou. So, the revolutionary sceneries are so many in the city and the quantity of county revolution cultural relic reaches 203. Ruijin, the center of the soviet government have 15 historic relic places which belong to the characteristic neoteric revolutionary history communities. In 1955, when awarding military ranks, there are 54 generals who came from Xingguo county. So the county is called ¡°General County¡±.