Nanchang: Capital City of Jiangxi Province

Dating from the 12th century, Nanchang is the capital of Jiangxi province in southeastern China.  The name of Nanchang means the prosperous place in the south. It is located 60 km south of the Yangtze River and sits on the banks of the Gan River. Nanchang is known for the Tengwang Pavilion, a towering pavilion dating to 653 and Nanchang's People's Square, the second largest public square in China, after Beijing's Tiananmen Square. Nanchang has a population of 1,934,445 people and a metropolitan area of 1,990,184 people.


Nanchang exists as a hub of the agricultural production in Jiangxi Province. Such products as rice and oranges are economic staple. The Ford Motor Company has a plant in Nanchang, assembling the Ford Transit van as part of the Jiangling Motor joint venture. Nanchang also is a center of the production of traditional Chinese medicine and pharmaceuticals.


In the early Han Dynasty (201 BC), a city called Gn  was constructed. In 589 AD (Sui Dynasty), it was renamed Hongzhou, and eventually Nanchang. In 653 AD, the Tengwang Pavilion was constructed. In 675 AD, Wang Bo  wrote the classic Tengwang Ge Xu. The building as well as the city became celebrated for Wangs introduction article. The Pavilion has been destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout China's history. In its present form, Tengwang Pavilion was reconstructed in the 1980s after being destroyed in 1929 during Chinese civil war. In 1927, the Nanchang Uprising took place. In 1939, the Battle of Nanchang took place.

Colleges and universities

  • Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics
  • Nanchang University
  • Jiangxi Normal University
  • Jiangxi Agricultural University
  • East China Jiaotong University
  • Nanchang Institute of Aeronautical Technology.


In the aspect of railway transportation, Nanchang is the joint of the Beijing-Jiulong Railway and Shanghai-Kunming Railway (formerly Zhe-Gan Railway, literally Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway), making it one of the most important transport hubs in the south of China and the home to the Nanchang Bureau of Railway, which is in charge of the railway system in the majority of the provinces of Jiangxi and Fujian. From 2007, Nanchang is also connected with neighboring cities Hangzhou, Changsha and Shanghai with CRH (China Railway High-speed).

  • Nanchang Changbei International Airport 
  • Beijing-Jiulong Railway
  • Shanghai-Kunming Railway